How To Make Wallpaper

How To Make Wallpaper

How To Make Wallpaper

Introduction to Wallpapering: The Basics

Wallpapering is an exciting process that allows you to personalize the look and feel of your space with a variety of textures, colors, and patterns. This craft dates back to ancient times and continues to evolve with innovative designs and advanced materials in the modern-day. This section aims to provide a basic understanding of the wallpapering process and perquisite requirements before embarking on a wallpapering project.

What is Wallpaper?

Wallpaper is a material used in interior decoration to decorate the internal walls of domestic and public buildings. It is one way of transforming a space, outlining its mood, and displaying its personality. They are sold in rolls and applied onto a wall using wallpaper paste.

Types of Wallpaper

There are various types of wallpaper available in the market today including vinyl, non-woven, pre-paste, and self-adhesive among others. Each type has its unique qualities, benefits, and challenges.

The Tools You Need

Before getting started, it is important to gather all the necessary tools. Typically, the wallpapering process requires a tape measure, wallpaper paste, a paste brush, a utility knife, a smoothing tool, a level, and of course, your selected wallpaper.

Planning Your Project

Planning is crucial for a smooth wallpapering experience. This involves measuring your walls to determine how much wallpaper you'll need, choosing the right design and type of wallpaper according to your needs, and preparing your walls for application.

In summary, understanding the basics of wallpapering can help you navigate the process seamlessly. As you progress through this article, you will delve into more specific facets of wallpapering, from selection to installation and maintenance, empowering you to transform your living or workspace according to your aesthetic desires and practical needs.

Understanding Wallpaper Types and Material Selection

Selecting the perfect wallpaper can be a challenging task given the numerous types and materials available in the market. Here, we will explore the different types of wallpapers and examine the materials used in their creation, to help inform your decision-making process when selecting wallpaper for your space.

Types of Wallpaper

Wallpapers come in a variety of types, each with its unique characteristics and advantages. Some of the most popular include:

  • Vinyl Wallpaper: This is the most popular type of wallpaper due to its durability and ease of cleaning. It comes in two varieties: vinyl-coated, which is paper coated with vinyl, and solid vinyl, which is more durable.
  • Non-Woven Wallpaper: Made from a blend of natural and synthetic fibers, this type is both durable and washable. It helps the paper breathe thus reducing mold and mildew.
  • Foil Wallpaper: This type gives a metallic sheen and bright effect to your walls but requires a smooth, undamaged wall surface for application.
  • Flock Wallpaper: For a vintage or classic aesthetic, flock wallpaper, with its velvet-like raised designs, makes a striking choice. However, it's more complex to install and clean.

Material Selection

The material of your wallpaper should be chosen based on the room where it's going to be installed. Here are some tips:

  • Bathroom and Kitchen: For areas exposed to humidity or occasional splashes, vinyl wallpapers are ideal due to their water-resistant properties.
  • Living Room and Bedroom: Non-woven wallpapers are a great choice for these areas due to their durability and the fact that they don’t fade over time.
  • Dining Room: You might opt for something more luxurious and eye-catching in these spaces, such as a foil or flock wallpaper.

Remember that the type and material choice should also reflect your personal taste and fit into the existing décor theme. Comfortability with the maintenance each type requires is also extremely important to consider.

In your wallpaper selection process, don't forget to factor in the practicality of the wallpaper type and material, and how well it suits the function of the room in question.

Bringing It All Together

Understanding the different wallpaper types and materials is essential in making an informed decision when decorating your space. Whether you opt for a minimalist design with a durable vinyl wallpaper, or a dramatic, textural flock wallpaper, the choice ultimately depends on your personal style, décor goals, and the practical limitations of your space.

Necessary Tools and Equipment for Wallpapering

Proper tools and equipment are essential when it comes to wallpapering. They will not only make your job smoother and faster but also deliver better results. Listed below are the essential tools and equipment that you will need for a successful wallpapering project:


Of course, the actual wallpaper is the key component. Wallpapers come in a wide variety of patterns, textures, and materials suitable for every design aesthetic and lifestyle. Make sure to measure your walls accurately and buy extra rolls to account for pattern repeats and potential hiccups during the installation process.

Wallpaper Paste

Wallpaper paste is the adhesive that attaches the wallpaper to the wall. Remember, different types of wallpapers will require different types of adhesive, especially if you're dealing with special materials like vinyl or fabric.

Smoothing Brush or Plastic Smoother

A smoothing brush or plastic smoother is used to smooth out the wallpaper and eliminate air bubbles, ensuring a perfect, seamless fit on the wall. Choose a brush with soft bristles to avoid damaging your wallpaper.

Seam Roller

A seam roller is a useful tool to seal the seams between wallpaper strips. Like the smoothing tool, be gentle with the seam roller to avoid damaging the wallpaper or forcing adhesive out the sides.

Utility Knife

A sharp utility knife is imperative for cutting excess wallpaper and creating clean edges. Using a dull knife can lead to frayed or jagged edges.

Level, Tape Measure, and Pencil

These tools are crucial for correct wallpaper placement. Measure, level, and mark your wall accurately before hanging wallpaper to ensure straight, even application and seamless pattern matching.


Depending upon the height of your walls, you may require a steady, safe ladder. Ensure it's the right height and secure before use.

Having the right tools and equipment in place before you start wallpapering will make the process much more straightforward. By being prepared, you'll ensure your wallpaper project is completed to a high standard, creating a beautiful, durable, and satisfying backdrop to your room.

Prepping Your Walls for Wallpaper: Step by Step Guide

Preparing your walls for wallpaper is a vital step that guarantees stellar results. A smooth, clean surface allows the wallpaper to adhere properly and smoothly. Let's walk through this simple, yet very important process.

Cleaning the Wall

Begin by cleaning your walls thoroughly. Use a sponge and a mild detergent to get rid of dust, grease, and other residues. Rinse the wall afterward and allow it to dry completely before moving to the next step. Be sure to cover any floor and furniture near the wall to avoid damage from water and soap.

Removing Old Wallpaper

If the wall you want to prep has old wallpaper, it's crucial to remove it. You can use a wallpaper stripper solution in a spray bottle to loosen old wallpaper. After spraying, wait about 20 minutes and then scrape off the wallpaper with a knife. Once all the wallpaper is removed, clean the wall again, rinse and allow to dry.

Smoothing the Wall

It's crucial to have smooth walls for wallpaper. Any holes, cracks, or uneven areas should be filled with a surface filler or spackling compound using a putty knife. Allow the filler to dry and sand it down to ensure the wall is smooth and even.

Priming the Wall

A concoction of water and alum or a commercial wallpaper primer can be used to prime walls. This step creates a slightly sticky surface, providing a better adhesive for the wallpaper. Apply the primer evenly using a brush or roller. Let the primer or alum solution dry completely before applying the wallpaper.

Now, your wall is completely ready for the wallpaper. Remember that the key to a smooth and attractive wallpaper application is a well-prepped wall surface.

How to Measure and Cut Wallpaper Accurately

Ensuring the correct measurements and accurate cuts when handling wallpaper is vital to achieving a professional and seamless finish. To help you navigate this, some tips and techniques are listed below:

Measuring Wallpaper

Start by calculating the wall area. Measure the height and width of the wall in feet or meters. Multiply these two figures to get the square footage or square meterage of the wall. Measure each wall if the room is not a perfect square or rectangle.

If the wallpaper has a large pattern, remember to take into account the “pattern repeat” on the label. Wallpapers with a large pattern repeat may need extra inches or centimeters so that the design matches up. Incorporate this into your calculations.

Once you have your wall measurements, check the label of the wallpaper (roll) for information on size. Standard rolls are typically 10 meters long and 53 centimeters wide, but this can vary. Divide your wall area by the area covered by one roll of wallpaper to determine how many rolls you'll need.

Cutting Wallpaper

Lay the wallpaper roll out on a flat, clean surface such as a table or the floor. Use your measurements to determine the length of wallpaper you will need for each strip. It’s advisable to add an extra few inches at the top and bottom for leeway.

Use a straight edge, like a ruler, and a pencil to mark where you will cut the wallpaper. The pencil marks will be trimmed off later, so they won't be visible on the finished wall.

Use a sharp utility knife or wallpaper cutting tool along the straight edge to cut the wallpaper. Ensure that you cut the wallpaper in a swift single cut to avoid tearing or jagged edges.

Lastly, remember to maintain consistency while cutting subsequent pieces, particularly for patterned designs, so the patterns align properly when installed on the wall.

With these guidelines, you should be able to measure and cut your wallpaper meticulously, resulting in a beautifully decorated room.

Upcoming Section: Preparing the Wall Surface

In the next section, we'll be covering how to prepare your wall surface for your freshly cut wallpaper, including how to smooth walls and apply wallpaper paste. Stay tuned!

The Wallpaper Application Process: Practical Tips

After you’ve meticulously selected your ideal wallpaper and prepared your walls efficiently, the next exciting step is to start the wallpaper application process. Though it might seem like a daunting task, especially for beginners, a few helpful practical hints can transform this part of the redecoration procedure into a more manageable endeavor.

Prep your Tools and Workspace

Before beginning, ensure that you have all necessary tools within reach. This could be an adhesive spreader, a smoothing brush, a utility knife, and a seam roller. Also, think about your workspace. Cover your floors and furniture with drop sheets to protect them from any paste drips.

Sequence Matters

It's advisable to start papering from the corner of the room and work towards your right if you are right-handed, or to your left if you're left-handed. This will help in making the application process smoother.

Cutting the Wallpaper

The crucial point to remember is to cut your wallpaper longer than the actual height of your wall. A surplus of about 3-5 inches on the top and bottom ensures that you have room to adjust the paper for patterns and allows for any wall height discrepancies.

Applying Adhesive

Evenly apply the adhesive to the back of the wallpaper using your adhesive spreader. Pay extra attention to the edges as areas with insufficient adhesive may peel off over time.

Hanging the Wallpaper

The best approach is to hang wallpaper from top to bottom, aligning it with your straight edge. Smooth out any air bubbles using your smoothing brush as you continue applying the paper.

Trimming the Excess

Once your wallpaper is up and you are happy with how it looks, use your utility knife to trim off any excess paper at the top and bottom of your wall.

Sealing the Edges

Ensure longevity and a professional finish by rolling over the seams with a seam roller to secure the edges and help them stay in place.

It's all about patience and attention to detail when it comes to wallpaper application. Take your time, follow these steps and tips, and you should have a beautifully decorated wall.

Next, we will figure out how to take care of your newly wallpapered walls for long-lasting appeal.

Troubleshooting Common Wallpaper Problems

Despite the simplicity of hanging wallpaper, you might encounter a handful of sideshows that provide obstacles along the way. Rest easy, as we discuss common problems that can occur during the wallpaper application process, and most importantly, how to fix them.

Bubbles and Creases

In the wallpaper world, one of the most frustrating issues is bubbles and creases that form on the paper. Bubbles form as a result of trapped air movement during application. To fix this, puncture the bubble with a pin and smooth the area. If creasing occurs, it can be due to incorrect application or poor quality wallpaper, so brush and smooth out the wallpaper as you hang it.

Seams Are Not Sticking

Misaligned wallpaper seams or seams that lift can tamper with the overall look of your wallpaper. Check that you're using the right amount of adhesive and that it's smoothly applied on the edges. Also, make sure the wallpaper has relaxed or booked correctly before hanging.

Uneven Edges

While perfection is not always attainable, your wallpaper should look as neat as possible. Uneven or frayed edges can result from poor trimming. For perfect edges, use a good quality sharp knife or scissors. Always remember to measure twice and cut once.


If your wallpaper changes color over time, it could be because of excess adhesive seeping through. To avoid this, be sure to wipe off extra paste immediately and avoid over pasting.

Peeling Wallpaper

Nothing is more annoying than wallpaper peeling off, which can occur due to temperature changes or inadequate adhesive during application. Make sure to prime your wall correctly and the room's temperature is appropriate. The use of a good quality adhesive can also prevent peeling.

Troubleshooting wallpaper problems might initially seem like a challenging task, but once you know the cause of the problem, finding the solution becomes much easier. With these tips in mind, your wallpaper journey should be smoother and much more rewarding.

In the end, making and applying your own wallpaper can be a fun and gratifying DIY project. With a little patience, precision, and practice, you'll not only be able to design and install your unique wallpaper, but you'll also be well-armed to combat any issues that might pop up along the way.

Maintaining Your Wallpaper: Cleaning and Repair Tips

Understanding how to maintain your wallpaper effectively allows for longevity and a pleasing aesthetic look over time. It's essential to know the nuances of wallpaper care to keep it looking as good as new. Caring for your wallpaper involves two critical aspects: cleaning and repairing. Here's your guide to ensure your wallpaper stands the test of time.

Cleaning Your Wallpaper

Cleaning may vary depending upon the type of wallpaper you choose, as some materials are more delicate than others. However, some general practices can be followed to clean most wallpapers.

First, use a soft brush or a vacuum with a smooth nozzle to lightly remove dust from the surface. This step should be performed regularly, at least once a week, to prevent dust accumulation. Next, for non-washable wallpapers, use a special wallpaper cleaner or a dough-like cleaning compound. Rub it gently into the wall, lift away, and it extracts the dirt with it!

For washable wallpapers, dampen a cloth or sponge with a mild soap solution, and lightly scrub the wall. Make sure to not overwet the wallpaper. Afterward, rinse with clean water and pat the wall dry to prevent water damage.

Repairing Your Wallpaper

Wallpapers are sturdy and durable, but sometimes they can get torn, peeled off at the edges, or bubble. If this happens, you may need to repair your wallpaper. For small tears, use wallpaper adhesive as it seamlessly merges the torn piece back to the wall without leaving any residue. For peeled edges, apply some wallpaper paste to stick it back.

For bubbles, you’ll want to use a utility knife to make a small incision, release the trapped air, and then re-adhere the wallpaper using wallpaper paste or adhesive. Make sure to wipe off any excess adhesive to avoid a messy look.

The longevity and durability of your wallpaper are largely determined by how you maintain it. By following the proper cleaning and repair techniques, you can make sure your wallpaper stays fresh and attractive for years to come. So don't forget to clean your wallpaper weekly and perform any necessary repairs when needed to enjoy a beautiful home decor.