How To Make A Wallpaper

How To Make A Wallpaper

How To Make A Wallpaper

Introduction to Wallpapering

Imagine transforming your space with the magical touch of wallpaper. A well-chosen wallpaper can instantly elevate the ambiance of your room, adding a touch of luxury, charm or whimsy depending on your chosen design. Whether you're renovating, redecorating, or simply looking to refresh a room, understanding the basics of wallpapering will make the process smoother and more enjoyable.

Wallpapering involves a series of steps - choosing the right wallpaper, prepping the wall, applying the wallpaper, and finally, maintaining it for longevity. There are also various types of wallpaper to choose from such as vinyl, non-woven, washable, or peel stick wallpapers, each with their unique properties that should be considered before making a decision.

Different Types of Wallpapers

One of the central aspects of wallpapering is picking a wallpaper that matches your aesthetic preference, lifestyle, and the specific requirements of the space you’ll be transforming. The most common types are:

  • Vinyl Wallpaper: This is a popular choice due to its durability and ease of cleaning. It's ideal for kitchens and bathrooms where moisture resistance is vital.
  • Non-Woven Wallpaper: Known for its breathable qualities, this type of wallpaper prevents mildew and mold. It's an eco-friendly choice and is excellent for bedrooms and living rooms.
  • Washable Wallpaper: This is a great option for busy areas such as hallways and children's rooms, as it allows you to wipe away any marks or stains.
  • Peel and Stick Wallpaper: For those seeking an easy installation and removal process, peel and stick wallpaper is an apt choice. Perfect for those living in rented spaces or who like to frequently change their decor.

Course of Action

Once the wallpaper of choice has been purchased, it’s time to prepare the walls. The walls must be smooth, clean, and free from dust for the wallpaper to adhere properly. Applying an undercoat or primer will help the wallpaper stick better and make it easier to remove in the future.

After preparing the walls, the exciting part starts - applying the wallpaper. Always start from a corner and proceed to the rest of the wall, ensuring the wallpaper is smooth and without bubbles. Finally, understand how to maintain your wallpaper to keep it looking fresh and beautiful for years to come.

Through a detailed understanding of the process and careful considerations before starting, wallpapering can be a fun and rewarding DIY project that transforms your living spaces immeasurably.

Is Wallpapering For Me?

It’s crucial to note that while wallpapering is a doable task for most, it does require patience and attention to detail. If you love the idea of transforming a room but are worried about the hands-on aspect, there is no harm in hiring professionals to ensure the end result is exactly as you envisioned.

In the next sections, we will dive deeper into each step of the process to ensure you are fully equipped to embark on your wallpapering journey!

Essential Tools for Wallpapering

Wallpapering is both an art and a craft that requires the right set of tools to achieve the desired look. This section of the article explores the essential tools required when hanging wallpaper. Knowing what you need before you begin will save you valuable time and can make the difference in your wallpapering project.

Wallpaper Brushes and Smoothers

To ensure a smooth and precise application of your wallpaper onto the wall, you'll need a good quality wallpaper brush or smoother. This tool is extremely handy for smoothing out bubbles and creases and ensuring good contact with the wall. Some brushes even have guides to ensure you put the paper on straight.

Pasting Brushes and Rollers

Pasting brushes or rollers are used for applying the paste to the wallpaper or sometimes directly on the wall. When it comes to pasting wallpaper, using a large, wide brush or roller can make the job much quicker and easier.

Wallpaper Scissors

Professional wallpaper scissors are necessary to make clean and accurate cuts. These scissors typically have longer blades, allowing for straight cuts across the paper.

Seam Roller

Rolling the seams is a critical step to ensure the edges of the wallpaper are firmly attached to the wall surface. A seam roller is a simple yet invaluable tool to perform this task seamlessly.

Wallpaper Trimming Knife

A sharp trimming knife is important to trim the excess wallpapers at the edges. Be sure to use a knife specifically designed for wallpaper to get a neat and clean line.

Paste Table

A pasting table provides a flat and clean surface for you to apply adhesive to your wallpaper. Some tables even have guiding lines to help you cut the wallpaper correctly.

A successful wallpapering project requires more than just the wallpaper and paste. Invest in these necessary tools and achieve a professional look, whether you are a DIY enthusiast or a professional decorator.

As we move further in this article, let’s discuss how to choose the right wallpaper for your space in the next section.

Selecting the Right Wallpaper for Your Room

For many, choosing the perfect wallpaper to complement their space can be a daunting task. From pattern to color, match to mismatch, the choices can seem overwhelming. In this section, we'll break down the process to render it manageable and even fun.

Primarily, there are three major factors to consider when selecting the right wallpaper for your room: the room’s purpose, size, and the existing décor. Giving these aspects due consideration will ensure your wallpaper selection contributes harmoniously to the overall vibe and design of your room.

The Room’s Purpose

What mood do you want to set in the room? If it’s a bedroom, you might want a soothing or romantic look. In the case of a study or home office, stimulating patterns or colors could be a good fit. In a child's room, you may go for cheerful or playful patterns. Consider the room's function when choosing your wallpaper.

The Room’s Size

The size of the room also has a profound impact on the appropriate choice of wallpaper. Generally, light colors and small patterns make a room seem larger, while dark colors and large bold patterns have the opposite effect, making the place more intimate or cozy. Reflect upon the type of atmosphere you wish to create.

The Existing Décor

Unless you’re planning a complete room makeover, consider the existing color scheme and style. Wallpaper should be seen as a part of the room's overall design, complementing your furniture, floor coverings, curtains, and other elements. If you have antique furniture, for example, a vintage pattern might be a great match.

Style guides, samples and catalogues can be immensely helpful when scrutinizing these factors. Visit wallpaper stores or refer to online websites that provide visualization tools for better decision-making. Remember, it's your space, and it should reflect your personality and taste as best as possible.

In the next section of this article, we will dive into the actual application process of wallpaper to guide you on how to achieve an impressive, professional-looking finish that’s sure to transform your room.

Understanding the Basics of Wallpaper Measurement

To successfully create your own wallpaper, it's crucial to understand some basic aspects of wallpaper measurement. The goal is to ensure you correctly measure your walls and calculate the number of wallpaper rolls needed, which will avoid wastage or insufficient amounts.

Step 1: Wall Measurements

Start by measuring the height and the width of each wall you intend to cover. Use a tape measure to get accurate measurements in meters or feet. Don't forget to measure and subtract the areas for doors and windows.

Step 2: Calculating Wall Area:

Once you have the height and width, calculate the total area of each individual wall by simply multiplying these values (height x width). Then, add up each of these numbers to determine the total area for all walls to be covered.

Step 3: Roll Dimensions

Always check the dimensions on each wallpaper roll. Typically, wallpaper rolls measure about 10m in length and 0.53m in width, but be sure to confirm as sizes can vary.

Step 4 Calculating Wallpaper Coverage:

Lastly, determine how much area one roll of your chosen wallpaper can cover by multiplying its length by its width. Mind that, you should factor in extra for pattern matching and mistakes

Knowing the basics of wallpaper measurements can take you a long way – it not only saves you from stress and unnecessary costs but also contributes to a smooth and satisfying wallpaper project outcome.

Preparing the Wall for Wallpaper

Before diving into the actual application of wallpaper, it is crucial to prepare the wall properly. This step seeks to create a clean, smooth, and suitable surface for the wallpaper to adhere seamlessly.

Determining Wall Material

The first step is to identify the material of your wall. Walls can be plastered, drywalled, or even wooden. Each material requires a specific preparation method and adhesive type to ensure the wallpaper sticks well.

Cleaning the Wall

Begin by removing any nails, hooks or electrical outlets. Then, clean your wall thoroughly using warm water and mild soap. The aim is to remove all the dust, stains and any other residues. If there are any patches of mould, they should be treated with an anti-mold solution. Wait for the wall to dry completely before proceeding to the next step.

Repairing Surface

Check the wall for any cracks, holes or bumps. Imperfections on the surface might show through the wallpaper, so it's essential to address them. Use a filler or plaster to even out the wall. After it dries, smooth it out using sandpaper.

Sizing the Wall

This involves applying a thin layer of adhesive, known as 'size', to the wall. This process makes the wall surface smooth and glossy, and eases the application and positioning of wallpaper. Eventually, it also makes the eventual removal of wallpaper easier. It's particularly important for porous walls such as plastered or drywalled ones to prevent the wall from soaking up the wallpaper adhesive too quickly.

Let this sizing layer dry completely before proceeding. Now, your wall is properly prepared and ready for the wallpaper application, an exciting step towards transforming your space!

In the next section, we'll delve into the process of selecting and cutting your wallpaper. Stay tuned!

Step-by-Step Guide to Applying Wallpaper

New wallpaper can completely transform a room, providing a fresh new aesthetic. Wallpaper application is a relatively simple process if you know what to do. Below, we've outlined a step-by-step guide to make the process easy for you.

Materials You Will Need

  • Wallpaper of your choice
  • Measuring tape
  • Wallpaper adhesive
  • A large, clean sponge
  • Utility knife or wallpaper cutting knife
  • Wallpaper smoother

Step 1: Prepare the Wall

Before applying your new wallpaper, you'll need to prepare the wall. This means cleaning it thoroughly to remove any dust, grime, or loose paint. If the wall has any small holes or cracks, fill them with a suitable filler and sand it smooth. Once the wall is clean and smooth, it's ready for wallpaper.

Step 2: Measure and Cut Wallpaper

Measure your wall's height and width so you can cut your wallpaper to size. When measuring the height, add an extra 10 cm to the top and bottom - this can be trimmed later. Measure twice to avoid wasting wallpaper rolls.

Step 3: Apply Adhesive

Apply a uniform layer of adhesive to the back of the wallpaper. It's important to get the adhesive completely to the edges to ensure a good seal.

Step 4: Hang Wallpaper

Starting at the top, align your wallpaper with the wall, carefully smoothing it out as you go to avoid any bubbles or creases. Repeat this process with each strip of wallpaper, making sure that the pattern lines up. Ensure each strip is fitted as tightly as possible to the previous one to avoid visible joins.

Step 5: Trim Excess

Once the wallpaper is applied, trim any excess from the top and bottom using a sharp utility knife or wallpaper cutting knife. Do this step carefully to avoid damaging the paper or your room's mouldings.

Step 6: Smooth and Dry

Use a wallpaper smoother to press out any remaining bubbles or wrinkles. Once complete, let the wallpaper dry for the recommended amount of time before moving furniture back against the wall or doing any other decorating.

Remember, wallpaper application requires patience and precision, but with these steps, you're well on your way to a beautifully transformed room.

Tips and Tricks for Effective Wallpapering

Wallpapering can breathe life into any room, offering a fresh canvass with an enormous range of patterns, designs, and textures to choose from. Despite its aesthetic benefits, wallpapering can be a tricky task especially for beginners. Here, we share some indispensable tips and tricks to transform your wallpapering project into a smooth and satisfying endeavour.

Preparation is Key

The first step towards a successful wallpapering project is a thorough preparation. Ensure the wall surface is smooth by filling any holes or cracks and sanding it down. Remove any existing wallpaper or paint and make sure the surface is clean and free from dust and grease by washing it with a mild detergent.

Invest in Good Quality Materials

Opt for a wallpaper design of good quality that will last a long time and won't easily tear during the installation process. Moreover, using a quality adhesive is also crucial as it determines how well the wallpaper will stick to the wall.

Take Accurate Measurements

Before purchasing your wallpaper, take precise measurements of the length and height of the walls you intend to cover. This would help to avoid wastage or running short of wallpaper during the process. Always keep a buffer by buying a bit more than your calculated requirements.

Test a Sample

Order a sample of your chosen wallpaper design and put it up in the room to see how it looks in different lights at different times of the day. It can prevent you from being stuck with a design that doesn't look the same in your space as it did in the shop.

Follow the Pattern

While installing, make sure you match the pattern at eye level and not at the base or the top of the wallpaper. If your wallpaper has a large design, start the pattern at the ceiling in the middle of the wall to ensure it is balanced visually.

Rolling and Smoothing

Use a wallpaper roller to press the wallpaper and smooth out any bubbles or creases. Start from the middle and work your way towards the edges. Avoid using too much pressure as it could squeeze out the adhesive or tear the wallpaper.

Cutting the Wallpaper

When it comes to cutting, always wait until the wallpaper is completely dry. Cutting it whilst wet may lead to rips and tears. Use a sharp utility knife and a straight edge for clean, sharp lines.

Remember, practice makes perfect! The more you paper, the better you'll get, turning your room into a reflection of your personality and style with the help of these tips and tricks.

Maintaining and Changing Your Wallpaper

Maintaining and changing your wallpaper is just as crucial as its initial selection and setting up. Over time, you may want to keep things fresh and interesting or adapt to your evolving preferences. Furthermore, cleaning and keeping it in good condition prolongs its lifespan.


Routine care is necessary to keep your wallpaper looking beautiful, but cleaning techniques would depend on the wallpaper's material and texture. For standard wallpaper, it's advisable to lightly dust it with a microfiber cloth or a duster regularly. However, for washable wallpapers, you can gently clean it with a sponge soaked in soapy water. Remember to be gentle to prevent tearing and be cautious around seams to avoid water seepage.

Moreover, it's essential to address any bubbles or creases in the wallpaper immediately. Using a utility knife, make a small incision, inject some adhesive, then flatten with a smooth object. Finally, deal with any tears or damages right away to prevent it from becoming worse.

Changing Wallpaper

Changing wallpapers is not as daunting as it might seem. You might want a seasonal change, a new theme, or simply a fresh look. Regardless of the reason, the procedure closely mirrors the initial installation of the wallpaper.

First, remove the existing wallpaper carefully. The removal technique varies depending on the type and age of the wallpaper. For instance, some wallpapers peel off effortlessly, while others might require a combination of water and solvent. Take your time during this process to minimize damage to the underlying wall surface.

Once the wall is clean and dry, choose your new wallpaper. Installation follows the same rules as before: cut the pieces to fit, apply adhesive, and hang it on the wall, moving from one corner of the room to another. Always check the seams and corners to ensure they adhere properly.

Through careful maintenance and regular changes, you can ensure your wallpaper remains a vibrant and appealing element of your interior design.