Understanding the Essentials of Good Wallpaper
Wallpaper can simply transform any residential or commercial space into a visual delight. However, it can be a tricky design element to handle if one is unaware of the basics. A good wallpaper is not merely determined by its pattern but involves several factors such as material, design suitability, color matching and installation techniques. This section helps you understand these essentials that make a wallpaper stand out.
The choice of material determines the durability and usability of the wallpaper. Some papers are resilient and can withstand humid conditions, making them ideal for bathrooms or kitchens, while others may be more delicate. The common materials are vinyl, foil, flocked, grasscloth and embossed wallpapers. Your choice should also depend on the ease of installation and removal.
The design of your chosen wallpaper should harmonise with the room's décor. It is important that the pattern and color harmoniously tie in with your furniture, carpets or any other existing elements in the space. Moreover, the choice of a small or large design can create an illusion of space.
A crucial factor in wallpaper selection is color matching. The wallpaper can either match or contrast with the room's color scheme. It's crucial that the colors of your wallpaper enhance the overall aesthetics of your room. Bright colors tend to make a space feel larger and more airy, while darker tones offer a sense of warmth and coziness.
Just as crucial as design selection is the correct installation of your wallpaper. Different methods of installation could either highlight or mar your wallpaper's beauty. Select the right adhesive, know the ideal wallpapering techniques such as pasting, trimming, and smoothing.
Scale and Size
The scale of the paper's pattern and the size of the wallpaper strip itself should be apt for the wall it's meant to cover. Smaller rooms brim with life if smaller patterns are used. Bigger, bold patterns are ideal for a larger wall.
Last but not least, the maintenance level that your chosen wallpaper requires is worth consideration. Some wallpapers can handle a wipe-down, while others can't stand moisture. Some may fade over time, while others can withstand direct sunlight for longer periods.
Understanding these essentials of good wallpaper will help you select the best options for your specific need and give your walls a harmonious and attractive appearance.
Identifying the Right Tools and Materials
When setting out to make the perfect wallpaper, it's crucial that you have the right tools and materials at hand. These can make the difference between a smooth application process and a disappointing result.
Choosing the Right Wallpaper
First and foremost, you'll need to choose the wallpaper itself. This selection process can be categorized into two main parts. Firstly, the aesthetic appeal: the patterns, colors, and design of the wallpaper should complement the interior décor of the room. Second, the material: the wallpaper can be vinyl, pre-pasted, unpasted, or fabric-backed. The choice mainly depends on the wall surface and the room’s humidity levels.
Tools for Applying Wallpaper
There is a handful of essential tools that are required when hanging wallpaper. A wallpaper table is necessary for cutting and pasting. Paste, brushes and rollers are needed to apply the paper onto the walls. Other important tools include a plumb bob for alignment, a smoothing brush to remove air bubbles and creases, and a trimming knife to cut the wallpaper to the exact size. Additionally, a seam roller may be necessary to secure the wallpaper seams.
The Importance of Preparation
The wall surface must be properly prepared before hanging the wallpaper. This means removing any previous wallpaper and ensuring the wall is smooth and clear of dirt and dust. A wallpaper primer and size may be required for this process.
Finally, cleaning up after the wallpaper application is an important step that should not be overlooked. Buckets, sponges, and clean water are necessary for washing the excess paste off the wallpaper and sweeping up any debris left behind.
Other factors to consider when identifying the right tools and materials include the room size and the walls’ height. If the room is large or if the walls are unusually high, additional tools such as scaffolding or long-handled rollers may be necessary.
Hiring a Professional
If the wallpapering project seems too daunting or time-consuming, hiring a professional is always an option. They will have all the necessary tools and experience to hang the wallpaper efficiently and professionally.
In conclusion, expecting a perfect wall-papering job without the correct tools and materials could lead to frustration and disappointment. Therefore, taking time to identify the right tools and materials plays a pivotal role in the outcome of the project.
Choosing the Perfect Color and Pattern
When it comes to wallpaper, the options can be overwhelming. Indeed, from simple solids to intricate designs, there is a design out there that can perfectly suit every personal style and every type of room. Luckily, there are some key factors to consider that can significantly narrow down your choices and make the selection process easier and more fun.
Consider Your Room's Size and Shape
Consider how a wallpaper design will look in your specific room. Light colors tend to make a room look larger, while dark colors create a more intimate atmosphere. For small rooms, consider light, pastel shades, and avoid overly busy patterns that can make the space feel cramped. For large rooms, you have more flexibility to experiment with color and pattern.
Think About Color Psychology
Color plays a big role in setting a room's mood. Understanding color psychology can help you make a selection that enhances the desired atmosphere in your room. For instance, blues and greens typically have a calming effect, making them ideal for bedrooms or bathrooms. Reds and oranges are energizing, making them suitable for living rooms or kitchens.
Match Colors and Patterns with Your Existing Decor
When choosing wallpaper, consider the furniture, artwork, and other elements in your room. Try to find a wallpaper color and pattern that complements your existing decor. Remember, the wallpaper should enhance the room, not overpower it.
Test Samples Before Commitment
Before making your final decision, request samples of your chosen wallpapers. This allows you to see how they look in your specific space, and under different lighting conditions. Remember, colors and patterns may look quite different in store light compared to natural light in your home.
Considering the Wallpaper Finish
Lastly, consider the finish of the wallpaper. While the color and pattern are crucial, the finish can also have a significant effect on the room's look and feel. Glossy finishes reflect more light and may intensify colors, while matte finishes offer a more understated, elegant look.
Choosing the perfect wallpaper requires a balance between personal style, the room's design, and practical considerations. With the right approach, you can find a wallpaper design that transforms your room, creating a space that is uniquely you.
Measurement Techniques for Wallpaper
Understanding Wallpaper Dimensions
The first crucial step in selecting wallpaper for your interior design project is understanding the dimensions of the wallpaper. Different manufacturers may use different measurements, but most commonly, wallpapers are sold in rolls. A single roll typically measures 20.5 inches in width and 33 feet in length. However, there are also double rolls and extra-large rolls available in the market, so make sure to take note of the dimensions before purchasing any wallpaper.
The Importance of Wall Measurements
Just as crucial as understanding the wallpaper dimensions is measuring your walls. Start by calculating the square footage of the walls you desire to cover. Measure the height and width of each wall. Use a tape measure and ensure all measurements are accurate. Once you have all the measurements, multiply the height by the width to obtain the square footage for each wall. Total up the square footage of all the walls, and you'll have a good estimation of the wallpaper quantity needed for your project.
Do Not Forget Openings
When measuring your walls, you might come across windows, doors, and other openings. Do not forget these, as they will affect the quantity of wallpaper needed. Be sure to deduct the square footage of these areas from your total wall area calculations.
Pattern Repetition and Drop
If you've chosen a wallpaper with a pattern, you need to consider the pattern repeat and drop in your calculations. Pattern repeat refers to the length from one point in the pattern design to the identical point in the following pattern repeat. It plays a crucial role in determining the amount of excess wallpaper required.
How to Use the Pattern Repeat Measurement
Measure the pattern repeat and divide it by the height of your wall. The result will give you an idea about the amount of extra wallpaper needed to ensure the pattern matches up neatly on your wall.
Wallpaper Quantity Estimation
Once the above measurements have been taken into account, you can now estimate the quantity of wallpaper you need. For instance, divide the total square footage of your walls by the square footage of a wallpaper roll. Always round up this number to ensure you have enough extra for mistakes, pattern match, and future repairs if needed.
Tips for Wallpaper Measurement
Always remember to have an additional 10-15% extra wallpaper for fitting. This accounts for errors and future repairs. Moreover, always double-check your measurements before ordering. Mistakes can often lead to ordering the wrong amount of wallpaper, leading to additional expenses and project delays.
Step by Step Wallpaper Application Process
Wallpaper can drastically change the ambiance and style of any room. A proper application process is vital to achieve a stunning and long-lasting result. Here, we will walk through a step by step guide on how to apply wallpaper like a pro.
Before you start, ensure all necessary materials are at hand. You'll need the following: wallpaper, wallpaper paste, a clean sponge, a paper-hanging brush, a plumb line, a pair of scissors, a utility knife, a seam roller, and a smoothing tool.
Preparation is vital to the wallpaper application process. Start by removing any old wallpaper and smoothing any rough areas on the walls. Use a sponge to clean the walls and let them dry completely. Also, if your wallpaper does not come pre-pasted, mix the wallpaper paste as per the instructions on the package.
Applying the Wallpaper
Start by measuring the height of your wall and adding 4 inches for overhang on the top and bottom. Then cut your wallpaper to the necessary length. Apply paste evenly on the back side of the first wall paper strip. Carefully fold the paper, paste side in, into a book fold style. This allows the paste to activate and prevents the paper from drying out.
Placement and Adherence
Use the plumb line to ensure you hang the wallpaper straight. Unfold your wallpaper and stick it to the wall, beginning at the top and working your way down. Use your smoothing tool to remove any air bubbles.
Trimming Excess Wallpaper
Once the wallpaper is in place and smoothed out, use a utility knife to trim any excess pieces from the top and bottom of the strip. Do this along the edge where the wall meets the ceiling and the baseboard.
Repeat the steps for each subsequent strip of wallpaper, making sure to align the patterns and match the edges perfectly. After all strips are applied, use a seam roller to firmly bond the wallpaper to the wall and secure the seams.
Disposal of Excess Material
Dispose of any excess material or tools in a responsible and safe manner. Now take a step back and enjoy the new look of your transformed room!
Dealing with Corners and Obstacles
Applying wallpaper might seem simple, until you get to the corners and obstacles. When you know how to navigate these areas appropriately, your wallpaper job will appear professional and neatly done. Follow our comprehensive guide below to achieve the perfect finish.
Wallpapering Around Corners
When wallpapering around a corner, do not attempt to manoeuvre a single piece of wallpaper around it. Instead, use a fresh piece of wallpaper for the new wall. Measure the distance from the last piece of wallpaper to the corner and add about 2 centimetres. Cut the strip of wallpaper to this length.
Apply the paste and allow it to catch for a few minutes. Then, carefully apply it on the wall, smoothing it towards the corner. The 2-centimetre excess should smoothly fold into the new wall.
For this new wall, cut a new piece of wallpaper that overlaps the excess from the previous wall by about 2 centimetres. This will give a neat finish to the corner.
Working Around Obstacles such as Windows and Doorways
For windows, do not cut the wallpaper ahead of time. Hang the paper as normal, letting it overhang the window. Once securely in place, make a diagonal cut from the corner of the window to the corner of the wallpaper. You should be left with flaps that can be trimmed and fixed with adhesive.
When tackling doorways, once again do not cut the wallpaper ahead of time. Instead, apply the wallpaper from the top, allowing it to overhang the doorway. Once it has been smoothed and the adhesive has been set, you should carefully cut the excess paper at the bottom, giving a neat edge at the skirting board.
Dealing with corners and obstacles is an essential part of wallpapering. When done with precision and care, these areas can provide an opportunity to showcase your skills rather than serving as a stumbling block to a beautifully wallpapered room.
Maintenance and Care for Your Wallpaper
To ensure its longevity, taking good care of your wallpaper is an essential step. Here, we will discuss several maintenance and care practices that can help preserve the charm and durability of your wallpaper.
Regular cleaning is mandatory to maintain your wallpaper. It's advisable to dust off your wallpaper using a microfiber cloth or a vacuum cleaner at least once a week. This helps to remove dust and dirt particles which may cause fading or discoloration of your wallpaper over time.
Addressing Stains and Spills
Accidental spills and stains can happen and when they do, immediate action is needed. Use a damp cloth to blot the spill off your wallpaper, but avoid rubbing it as this might damage the surface. For stubborn stains, it is recommended to use a mild cleaning solution or consult with a professional cleaner.
Avoid Direct Sunlight
Direct sunlight can cause your wallpaper to fade over time. If your room receives a lot of sunlight, consider closing the blinds or curtains during the day to prevent continuous direct sunlight.
Prevent Moisture Exposure
Wallpaper isn't designed to handle a lot of moisture. Often in rooms like the bathroom or kitchen where humidity levels are higher, it's recommended to use specially designed wallpapers or opt for an alternative wall decor.
Repairs and Replacements
Eventually, parts of your wallpaper will get damaged no matter how well they are cared for. When this happens, small tears or peeling edges can be repaired using wallpaper paste or adhesive. For bigger issues, you may need to replace a whole section or even the entire wallpaper.
Understanding how to maintain and care for your wallpaper allows you to keep it in the best shape possible for years to come. While the maintenance level largely depends on the type and quality of the wallpaper you use, the tips discussed here are applicable universally. With consistent care and upkeep, your wallpaper will last longer and continue to add style and charm to your space.
Troubleshooting Common Wallpaper Problems
Wallpapering your space can significantly improve your home's aesthetic appeal. However, you might encounter some problems during the process. Thankfully, there are numerous solutions at hand to tackle these issues. Let's explore common problems and appropriate solutions.
Problem 1: Bubbles and Wrinkles
One of the most common wallpaper issues is bubbles and wrinkles. They may occur due to improper smoothing during installation or adhesive failure. To solve this, use a utility knife to create a small slit in the bubble or wrinkle. Then, carefully smooth out the wallpaper while injecting some adhesive into the slit with a syringe. Wipe off any excess adhesive immediately.
Problem 2: Misaligned Patterns
Patterned wallpapers can be a bit challenging to install, and sometimes patterns may not line up perfectly. If you find pattern misalignment, remove the wallpaper carefully, apply a new layer of paste and attempt to realign. It might take several attempts, remember precision is key here.
Problem 3: Loose Seams
Loose seams could be a consequence of insufficient adhesive during installation, which causes the wallpaper to pull away from the wall. To adhere loose seams back into place, apply adhesive under the loose area using a small brush, press and smooth the wallpaper back to the wall. Remove any excess adhesive immediately to prevent staining.
Problem 4: Stains or Drips
If you notice any stains or drips on your wallpaper, it's important to clean them up as soon as possible. Using a sponge or cloth, gently blot the stain/drip with a mixture of warm water and mild detergent. Avoid rubbing, as it can damage the wallpaper's surface.
Problem 5: Peeling Corners
Over time you might notice corners of the wallpaper starting to peel off. This is often due to fluctuating temperatures or humidity in the room. Fix peeled corners by applying wallpaper adhesive beneath them and smoothing them back into place.
Remember, prepping your wall properly before installation can prevent many of these issues. By recognizing and addressing these common wallpaper problems, you'll keep your space looking fresh.