How To Apply Wallpaper On Wall

How To Apply Wallpaper On Wall

How To Apply Wallpaper On Wall

Understanding the Basics of Wallpapers

Before applying wallpaper on your wall, it is important to have a fundamental understanding of the various aspects related to wallpapers. This includes delving into what wallpaper is, its varieties, and how wallpaper adhesive works. Moreover, familiarizing yourself with some of the dos and don'ts can prove to be very useful.

What is Wallpaper?

Wallpaper is a material used to decorate the interior walls of residential and commercial buildings. It's typically sold in rolls and is applied onto a wall using an adhesive. Wallpapers can come in plain as liner paper, textured, with a regular repeating pattern design, or, much less commonly today, with a single non-repeating large design carried over a set of sheets.

Variety of Wallpapers

There is a wide range of wallpaper types available on the market today. This includes vinyl, foil, flock, grasscloth, hand-painted and many more. Each type of wallpaper provides a unique look, texture and feel, catering to a variety of tastes and indoor aesthetics.

How Does Wallpaper Adhesive Work?

Wallpaper adhesive or paste is a specific bond that fixes the wallpaper to the walls. The paste is applied onto the back of the wallpaper and then it is directly installed on the wall. It is important to ensure that the adhesive is evenly distributed not only to maintain the aesthetics but also assure the longevity of the wallpaper.

Dos and Don'ts of Wallpapering

Before we embark on our wallpapering journey, it's useful to consider some advice. First, do ensure that you've prepared your wall surface well. It needs to be smooth, clean, dry, and primed. Do not start wallpapering if your walls are still damp from being washed or if old wallpaper glue has not been fully removed. It's also essential not to rush the process. Allow adequate time for a meticulous job. It's better to spend a little more time and get it right the first time!

Tools Needed For Wallpapering

Ready to begin wallpapering? Here's a list of tools that you'll need: a retractable knife, smoothing tool, large scissors, tape measure, straight edge, level, and a roller for the adhesive. Remember that having the right tools can make the process much more manageable and the result professional-looking.

The Process of Wallpapering

Wallpapering is a straightforward process once you get the hang of it. It begins with prepping the wall, measuring and cutting the wallpaper, applying the adhesive, putting up the wallpaper, smoothing it out, and then trimming the excess. We will delve deeper into this in the following sections of this article.

Problem-solving in Wallpapering

Lastly, you are bound to encounter some common problems such as air bubbles, seams or edges lifting, or misaligned patterns. Learning how to troubleshoot these issues will help ensure your wallpapering project is successful. Don’t worry! We’ve got you covered in the upcoming sections.

Choosing the Right Wallpaper for Your Wall

Determining the right wallpaper for your wall can have a huge impact on the overall look and feel of your room. Here, we’ll break down the important factors to consider ranging from the room’s purpose, its lighting, to the wallpaper design and quality.

Consider the Room's Purpose

The first step in choosing the right wallpaper is thinking about the room's purpose. For instance, a room that's meant to be a serene retreat, such as a bedroom, might benefit from a calming, subdued pattern. On the other hand, a more lively and vibrant pattern might suit a child's bedroom or playroom.

Assess the Room's Lighting

Lighting should play a major role in your wallpaper selection process. Light, shiny wallpapers are ideal for rooms without much natural light, as they can make the space seem brighter. On the contrary, darker wallpapers add a cozy, dramatic touch that might look stunning in a well-lit room.

Choosing the Right Colours and Patterns

Colour and pattern are vital considerations when selecting wallpaper. If you're looking for a bold statement then consider vibrant colors or large, graphic patterns. If you want to emphasize a calm, serene atmosphere, then going for cooler tones or subtle patterns can help achieve that aim.

Wallpaper Quality

Not all wallpapers are created equal. High-quality wallpaper can last more than 15 years, whereas lower quality paper might last only a few years. Moreover, good quality wallpaper typically is easier to install and remove.

Test Options with Samples

Before making your final choice, order a sample of potential wallpaper options. Apply them to different walls of the room to see how different lights and angles affect the chosen wallpaper at different times of the day.

Consider your Future Needs

Lastly, think about the future. If you plan on selling your home, you might want to choose a wallpaper that appeals to a wide range of people. However, if this is your forever home, choose something that truly fits your personal taste and style.

Professional Help

If you're having a hard time making a choice, don't hesitate to seek the help of an interior designer or professional decorator. They're experts in this field and can provide guidance that you might not have considered.

Necessary Tools and Materials for Wallpaper Application

Undoubtedly, one of the most critical steps in any project is having the right tools and materials at your disposal. When it comes to wallpaper application, certain tools and materials are a must-have to ensure seamless results. This section shares a comprehensive list with you to keep your wallpaper application process hassle-free.

Tools for Wallpaper Application

The following are the required tools you would need:

Wallpaper Steamer and Perforator

Wallpaper steamer and a wallpaper perforator are vital gear for removing any old wallpaper. These tools can help save time and effort by making the removing process efficient and easier.

Measuring Tape and Pencil

A measuring tape and pencil are essential to correctly evaluate the size of your walls and to measure out your wallpaper. This will ensure that you cut the right lengths and fit the wallpaper appropriately on your wall.

Utility Knife

A utility knife is a handy tool used to trim the excess wallpaper, ensuring that the wallpaper fits perfectly on your wall.


A level is crucial to verify that the wallpaper is correctly aligned with your wall. An even alignment will make the wallpaper look professional and precise.

Wallpaper Brush and Smoother

These tools are used to secure the wallpaper onto the wall and remove any air bubbles that might form during the application process. This can be the difference between a home DIY project and a professional-looking finish.

Materials for Wallpaper Application

In addition to the tools, there are certain materials that are essential for the wallpaper application process.

Wallpaper and Wallpaper Paste

Of course, these are the principal materials in this process. You would need wallpaper and wallpaper paste. It's crucial to select a high-quality wallpaper that suits your style and a wallpaper paste that matches the type of wallpaper you select.


If you want your wallpaper to adhere better and last longer, then a primer is a must. It prepares your walls for the wallpaper, making the surface more conducive for the wallpaper paste.

Bucket and Sponge

A bucket and sponge are needed to mix the wallpaper paste and to clean any excess paste from the wall, respectively.

By adequately equipping yourself with the right tools and materials, you can transform your space with a stunning wallpaper application effort. Always remember, preparation is key in any home improvement project, and it is particularly essential when it comes to wallpaper application.

Preparing the Wall for Wallpapering

Understanding the Importance of A Well-Prepared Wall

Before anything else, it is cardinal to understand why a well-prepared wall is crucial for wallpapering. A clean, smooth wall guarantees longevity and durability of the wallpaper. It prevents bubbles, wrinkles, or tears, and ensures that the wall paper sticks well.

Cleaning the Wall

Start by thoroughly cleaning the wall. This step involves removing any existing paint, wallpaper or any other material that may interfere with the wallpaper adhesive. Use warm, soapy water and a sponge to scrub off any traces of dust, dirt, oil or any other debris. For walls with stubborn dirt or hard-to-remove wallpapers, a professional scraping tool or a steamer may be necessary.

Repairing Damages

Once the wall is clean, it's time to repair any damages. Look for holes, cracks, dents, or any other conditions that might interfere with the smooth application of the wallpaper. Small holes and cracks can be filled with a premixed wall joint compound, while larger ones may require a patch and joint compound. Allow the repair work to dry completely and then smooth the area with a sandpaper to achieve a completely flat surface.

Priming the Wall

Now that the wall is smooth and clean, the next step is priming. Priming is done to seal the wall and provide a uniform surface that maximizes the adhesive capabilities of the wallpaper glue. Use a brush or a roller to apply the primer evenly on the wall and let it dry naturally.

Sizing the Wall

Post priming, sizing needs to be done. This involves applying a sizing solution to the wall. Sizing facilitates easier wallpaper application and makes future removal easier too. It also improves adhesion, in turn reducing chances of bubble formation.

Wallpaper Lining

For rough or textured walls, applying a layer of lining paper before installing the wallpaper can help achieve a smooth, perfect finish. The lining paper should be hung horizontally or 'cross-lining' to the direction of your wallpaper to prevent the seams from lining up and showing through.

Measuring the Wall

Lastly, measure your wall accurately before cutting the wallpaper. Incorrect measurements can lead to wastage or shortfalls. Always add a few extra inches to your measurements for a safe margin.

By understanding and following these steps, you ensure a wall ready for wallpaper that results in a beautiful, long-lasting finish.

Measuring, Cutting, and Marking the Wallpaper

Applying wallpaper can transform the look of any room, however, an important step that novices often overlook is the pre-application work - which primarily involves correct measurements, precise cuts, and accurate marking. We'll guide you through each of these steps in detail, so you can achieve a professional finish every time.

Measuring the Wallpaper

The first step is to measure your wall. Use a tape measure to determine the height and width of your wall, taking note of any windows, doors, or electrical fixtures. You can then use these measurements to estimate how much wallpaper will be required. Don't forget to factor in an extra 10% for wastage or mistakes. Another crucial point to remember is to take into consideration the pattern repeat. A large pattern repeat will require more wallpaper as you have to align the pattern across each strip.

Cutting the Wallpaper

After you've determined how much wallpaper you need, you can now begin cutting it into strips. Depending upon the type of wallpaper, you'll either be cutting 'surface printed' or 'glazers'. Surface printed wallpaper can often be cut using a regular pair of scissors, while glazers will require a knife with a change blade.

Remember to always cut longer than your wall height measurement to account for pattern matching and a small margin of error. After your first piece is cut, use it as a template to cut subsequent pieces. This way, you ensure all your pieces have a uniform size, making it easier to align patterns and seam edges.

Marking the Wallpaper

The last step before you start applying wallpaper is marking. This step is key for patterned wallpapers as it will ensure your design lines up correctly. Measure the width of your paper and make a small mark on the wall to the right of your paper width.

This mark will serve as your guide when you're hanging your first strip of wallpaper. Always make sure to use a level to draw a vertical line from ceiling to floor. This method will help keep your application straight and avoid a tilted appearance.

By carrying out these steps correctly, you'll ensure that your wallpaper project gets off to a great start. The proper measuring, cutting, and marking techniques will help you minimize errors, waste, and the need for repeat work, ultimately resulting in a smoother wallpaper application process.

The Step-by-Step Process of Applying Wallpaper

Applying wallpaper is a great way to transform your space. Though the task may seem intimidating at first, with the right guidance and tools, you can successfully complete the project. Let's dive into the detailed, step-by-step process of applying wallpaper:

Preparing the Wall

Your first step should be to clean the wall surface. Remove any nails, wipe down the walls with a damp cloth to remove dust, and allow it to dry completely. If there are any imperfections like cracks or holes, fill them with a quality filler and smooth it out.

Measure and Cut the Wallpaper

Measure the height and width of the wall in order to know how much wallpaper you'll need. Cut the wallpaper, allowing a few extra inches on both the top and bottom for any adjustments necessary.

Mix the Wallpaper Paste

Next, gradually add water to the wallpaper paste powder and stir it until it attains a creamy consistency. Be sure to follow the instructions on the packet for best results.

Apply the Paste

Using a paint roller, evenly apply the paste to the backside of the cut wallpaper. Ensure the entire surface is covered to achieve a smooth adhesion to the wall.

Attach the Wallpaper to the Wall

Starting from the top, carefully line up the wallpaper with the wall and slowly roll it down, smoothing it out with a wallpaper brush as you go. Continue this process with the remaining wallpaper strips, ensuring each one aligns correctly with the previous.

Trim Excess

Once the wallpaper is attached, trim any excess from the top and bottom using a utility knife, making sure to keep the lines clean and even.

Smooth Out the Wallpaper

Use a wallpaper roller to smooth out any air bubbles or creases that may have formed during the application. Roll vertically and be careful not to tear the wallpaper in the process.

Final Cleanup

With the wallpaper neatly installed, the final step is to clean up. Use a damp sponge to wipe off any excess paste that may have squeezed out during the application. And voila! You've successfully wallpapered your wall.

Beyond applying the wallpaper itself, remember that patience and preparation are key. Ensuring your wall is properly prepared and taking the time to apply the wallpaper meticulously will pay off in the end with a beautifully transformed space.

Maintaining and Cleaning Your Wallpaper

Regular maintenance and cleaning of your wallpaper can help extend its longevity and keep it looking bright and fresh. However, it's essential to clean and maintain your wallpaper correctly so that you do not damage it. Here are some maintenance tips and cleaning methods to help you get the most out of your wallpaper.

Wallpaper Maintenance

Prevention is better than cure, and this is particularly true when it comes to wallpaper maintenance. To prevent your wallpaper from gathering dirt and dust which can dull the wallpaper colours over time:

  • Avoid touching the wallpaper with dirty or oily hands as this can cause stains.
  • Keep the room well ventilated to avoid moisture build-up which can cause the wallpaper to peel.
  • Be mindful of the sunlight exposure as it may lead to fading of the wallpapers. Consider using curtains, blinds, or sun-control film on windows to minimize sun exposure.

Wallpaper Cleaning

Occasionally, despite all preventative measures, your wallpaper may require some cleaning. Here are some general cleaning tips.

  • Use a soft, clean, dry cloth or a feather duster to regularly dust your wallpaper. This can prevent a build-up of dust and dirt that can over time embed into the texture of the wallpaper and cause it to appear dull.
  • For more stubborn dirt or stains, try gently wiping the wallpaper with a damp sponge or cloth. Remember to do a spot test on a small, inconspicuous area to ensure that the cleaning method does not damage or discolor the wallpaper.
  • Always avoid using abrasive cleaning tools like scrub brushes or scouring pads, as they may damage the wallpaper surface.
  • For washable wallpapers, mild soap or detergent can be used. However, make sure to rinse thoroughly to remove any soap residue.

Addressing Wallpaper Damage

At times, your wallpaper may have damage, like small tears or peeling corners. Depending on the extent of the damage, you may be able to make minor repairs without replacing the entire piece of wallpaper. It's a good idea to keep leftovers from your wallpaper roll for such repairs. For minor peels or tears, a small amount of wallpaper paste can be applied to the back of the loose piece and then pressed back into place. Remember to clean off excess glue to avoid stains.

Professional Wallpaper Cleaning Services

If your wallpaper requires extensive cleaning or repairing, it might be worth considering professional help. A professional cleaner can conduct an in-depth cleaning without damaging the wallpaper, while a professional decorator can make necessary repairs or suggestions on its replacement if needed.

Common Wallpaper Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Although applying wallpaper might seem like a straightforward task, many potential pitfalls can result in a less-than-perfect outcome. The key is to prevent these common mistakes in the first place by becoming aware of them. This part of the guide will help you sidestep the most typical missteps people make when putting up wallpaper, and the appropriate ways to avoid them.

1. Failing to Prepare the Wall Properly

Preparing the wall for wallpaper placement is a crucial step that many tend to overlook. This mistake could lead to issues like wallpaper not sticking properly or displaying uneven textures. Therefore, before any wallpaper application, always ensure that the wall surface is clean, smooth, and primed for wallpaper adhesive.

2. Not Ordering Enough Wallpaper

Another common misstep is not ordering enough wallpaper to cover the entire area intended. Running out mid-project can be frustrating and cause delays. To avoid this problem, always measure the area appropriately and buy extra wallpaper to account for mistakes and pattern matching.

3. Not Matching the Patterns Correctly

Misaligning the patterns on your wallpaper is another frequent mistake. Always ensure that each strip of wallpaper matches up with the one next to it. Using a plumb line can be helpful in keeping your wallpaper application straight and in line.

4. Overlap of Wallpaper Seams

Overlapping the wallpaper seams can result in a bulky finish. Instead, after applying a strip of wallpaper, make sure it is butting up to the previous strip without any overlap. Use a smoothing tool for a neat and professional finish.

5. Using Excess Adhesive

Using too much adhesive can make your wallpaper soggy, difficult to manage, and cause bubbles. A uniform, moderate application of adhesive should suffice for most wallpapers.

6. Neglecting to Smooth Out Wallpaper

Bubbles and creases can ruin the look of your wallpaper. Always use a smoothing tool or a wallpaper brush after application to move out these unwanted bubbles, working from the center of the wallpaper strip outward to the edges.

7. Ignoring the Directions on the Wallpaper

Every wallpaper is different and may have specific instructions for best results. Always read the manufacturer's instructions carefully and follow them to a T. Ignoring these instructions can lead to a subpar outcome, including mismatching patterns and incorrect adhesive use.

8. Trying to DIY without Proper Skills or Tools

DIY wallpaper application can be challenging without the right skills and tools. Always ensure you have the proper tools on hand before you begin. If you're unsure, it might be worth getting professional help to ensure a beautifully finished product.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you'll pave the way for a great-looking room with wallpaper applied to perfection. Remember, quality preparation is the key to achieving excellent results when it comes to wallpapering.