How To Add A Wallpaper

How To Add A Wallpaper

How To Add A Wallpaper

Introduction to Wallpapering: Basics and Benefits

The art of wallpapering has been around for centuries, providing an elegant touch to any living space. It’s a simple way to transform the look and feel of your home without breaking your budget. Especially as it's easy and cost-effective.

Basics of Wallpapering

The process starts with selecting an ideal wallpaper that matches your personal style and satisfies your aesthetic desires. Plastering the wall with wallpaper is a simple process, that’s accomplished with the appropriate tools and a well-thought-out plan.

Choosing the right wallpaper

Whether you want a floral design, striped pattern, or a classic solid color, the options are endless. Consider the size of the room, the illumination, and the present décor when making a choice

Preparing the wall

The wall must be clean, smooth, and dry to allow proper adhesion of the wallpaper. Any tiny grain of sand can ruin the evenness of the wall, resulting in bubbles or bumps.

Application

Carefully apply the glue at the back of the wallpaper and allow it a few minutes to become sticky. Install it to the wall and use a smoothing tool for an even application.

Benefits of Wallpapering

Wallpapers are customizable; they offer a lot of versatility in terms of design, patterns, and textures. Here are some essential benefits to mull over:

Stylistic Versatility

Modern wallpapers come in a tremendous variety of designs, offering a unique palette of colors and textures

Durability and Longevity

Most wallpapers are known for their durability and can last up to 15 years, making them a cost-effective decorating option.

Conceal Imperfections

Whether your wall has holes, cracks, or stains, wallpapers conceal these imperfections effectively, providing a flawless look.

The basics and benefits of wallpapering make it one of the most desirable decorating options when considering changing your home's interior look. The resultant effect is completely dependent on how the wallpapering task is executed, which makes it necessary to understand the basics properly before getting started.

Understanding Different Types of Wallpapers

Before diving into the process of adding wallpaper to a room or space, it is crucial to understand the various types of wallpapers available in the market. Each type has specific features that determine its visual appeal, its applicability, and how you will apply it.

Vinyl Wallpapers

Vinyl wallpapers are one of the most popular types due to their durability and ease of cleaning. They are made by applying a vinyl coat over paper or fabric. This type is perfect for rooms with high moisture, like kitchens or bathrooms, because of its high resistance to humidity and water.

Non-Woven Wallpapers

Non-woven wallpapers are a newer category in the wallpaper league. They are made from a blend of natural and synthetic fibers. This type of wallpaper is environmentally friendly, breathable, and easy to install and remove. It's the perfect choice for those who frequently like to change the aesthetics of their spaces.

Textile Wallpapers

These are made from natural textiles like silk, linen, or cotton, or synthetic textiles such as polyester or nylon. Textile wallpapers give a room an elegant, sophisticated feel due to their textured and luxurious finish. However, they can be more challenging to install and maintain.

Flock Wallpapers

Flock wallpapers provide a velvety, textured design created by sprinkling wool or synthetic fibers onto adhesive-coated paper. They offer a beautiful, vintage-inspired design element to any space but require careful handling and installation to preserve their intricate designs.

Lining Wallpapers

Lining wallpapers, also known as wall liners, are applied to the walls before installing the actual wallpaper. Their primary purpose is to create a smooth and uniform surface, particularly for walls with rough or uneven surfaces.

Mylar Wallpaper

Mylar wallpapers have a thin layer of metal underneath the paper, giving the wallpaper a glossy and shiny surface. This type of wallpaper is perfect for smaller rooms as they reflect light and make the room appear larger.

Embossed Wallpapers

Embossed wallpapers have a pattern literally pressed onto them, giving the wallpaper a raised surface. These wallpapers are popular for their ability to cover uneven wall surfaces and their paintable nature, offering a unique customization option.

Now that you're aware of the variety of wallpaper options to choose from, the next section will dive into the process of applying wallpaper onto your chosen space.

Tools and Materials Needed for Wallpaper Installation

Each wallpaper installation task necessitates the use of various tools and materials. Knowing what you need and preparing it beforehand streamlines the process and ensures a better outcome. Here are the main tools and materials you will need.

Wallpaper

The most noticeable item you’ll need is the wallpaper itself. While this may seem basic, it's crucial to order the right amount, keeping room for errors and pattern matching. The pattern, texture, and type of wallpaper (pre-pasted, unpasted, or peel and stick) will also affect the installation process and the other tools required.

Wallpaper Adhesive

If your chosen wallpaper is not pre-pasted or peel-and-stick, you'll need wallpaper adhesive. This special sturdy glue holds the wallpaper in place and helps minimize issues such as bubbling or peeling over time.

Wallpaper Tools

Various tools are necessary to install the wallpaper correctly:

Wallpaper Smoother

A wallpaper smoother, often plastic, is used to push out bubbles and create a smooth and seamless finish.

Seam Roller

A seam roller is a small tool used to seal the joints between wallpaper strips, helping to create a uniform and flawless appearance.

Utility Knife

A sharp utility knife is critical for cutting off excess wallpaper and creating clean lines around windows, doors, and molding.

Level and Measuring Tape

Both a level and measuring tape are essential to ensure lines are straight and measurements are correct before and during the wallpaper installation.

Preparation Materials

You'll also need various materials to prepare the wall before installing your wallpaper:

Wall Primer

A wall primer or sealer prepares the wall by creating a clean, smooth surface for the wallpaper to adhere to.

Wallpaper Lining

Wallpaper lining isn't always necessary, but it is handy if your walls have cracks or notable imperfections. It provides a smooth surface for your wallpaper to stick to.

Clean-up Tools

Lastly, don't forget about the tools and materials needed for clean-up, like sponges, warm water, and towels to wipe away any excess glue and keep your workspace tidy.

Having these tools and materials readily available will make your wallpaper installation project smoother and faster, and most importantly, result in a beautiful new wall covering!

Preparing Your Walls for Wallpaper

Before hanging wallpaper, it is essential to prepare your walls correctly. This step-by-step guide will help you prepare your walls for wallpaper to ensure a high-quality finish.

Check for Wall Imperfections

First, you need to inspect the wall for any imperfections. Look for chips, cracks, nails, or any significantly uneven spots. Use sandpaper or a sanding block to smooth any rough spots, and use putty to fill holes or cracks. Once the putty dries, sand it to create a smooth surface and wipe off any dust with a damp sponge.

Remove Existing Wallpaper or Paint

If there is old wallpaper or peelable paint on the wall, use a wallpaper scoring tool to create tiny holes in it. Then spray a mixture of hot water and vinegar or a commercial wallpaper remover on the wall. Wait about 15 minutes for the solution to penetrate the wallpaper glue, then scrape off the wallpaper with a putty knife.

Clean the Walls

Now that your walls are smooth and free of any old wallpaper or paint, the next step is to clean them thoroughly. For this, mix a mild detergent with water and clean the walls using a sponge or cloth. After cleaning, rinse the walls with clean water and let them dry completely.

Prime Your Walls

Applying a primer before the wallpaper will ensure that the wallpaper adheres well to the wall. This also makes it easier to strip off the wallpaper in the future without damaging the wall. Use a brush or roller to apply the primer, starting from the top and working your way down, covering the entire wall evenly. After applying, allow the primer to dry fully as per the manufacturer's instructions.

A Tip on Using a Sizing Solution

Sizing solution is a type of product that helps wallpaper adhere better. Depending on the type of wallpaper you're using, a sizing solution may be necessary. If you're unsure, consult your wallpaper manufacturer's instructions.

Arrange Your Tools

Having all your tools ready will make the wallpaper application process smoother. These include a tape measure, ladder, wallpaper, wallpaper adhesive, smoothing brush, cutting tool, level, sponge, and bucket.

Measure and Cut Wallpaper

Last but not least, it’s time to measure your walls and cut the wallpaper. Start by measuring the height and width of each wall and the openings for windows and doors. Next, roll out and cut the wallpaper, leaving some extra length on each piece. The extra length can be trimmed off after installation.

Step-by-Step Guide to Applying Wallpaper

Applying wallpaper is intimidating at first glance, but with the right guidance and patience, it will become a simple and even enjoyable process. Our step-by-step guide will lead you through all the necessary steps to perform a beautiful wallpaper application.

Materials Needed

Before you start, gather the necessary materials. These include the wallpaper of your choice, wallpaper adhesive, a large sponge, a smoothing tool, a utility knife, tape measure, a level, water bucket, paint roller and tray, and a seam roller.

Step 1: Prepare the Wall

Start by preparing your wall. Remove any nails or protrusions and fill in any cracks with joint compound. Then, let it dry and sand it smooth. Apply a sizing agent which will help the wallpaper stick better.

Step 2: Measure and Cut Wallpaper

The next step is to measure your wallpaper. Use a tape measure and level to make exact measurements and cut your wallpaper accordingly. Always add a few extra inches to allow for mistakes or irregularities in the wall.

Step 3: Apply the Adhesive

Apply a thin, even coat of adhesive to the back of the wallpaper using a paint roller. Be sure to cover the entire surface, paying special attention to the edges. Remember, too much glue can make a mess and too little might not stick well.

Step 4: Hang the Wallpaper

With precision and patience, align the wallpaper on the wall and gently smooth out any bubbles or wrinkles. Use your smoothing tool for a perfect finish. Ensure the paper is aligned correctly to the wall edges.

Step 5: Trim Excess Paper

Once the wallpaper is in the exact position, trim the excess at the top and bottom with a utility knife. Make sure the blade is sharp for clean, precise cuts.

Step 6: Smooth the Seam

Use a seam roller to smooth down the seams between each strip of wallpaper. Apply mild pressure to avoid squeezing out the adhesive or damaging the paper.

Tips for Applying Wallpaper

When installing wallpaper, it's important to clean up any adhesive spills immediately, as it can damage the paper's finish. Also, it's better to allocate plenty of time for the task rather than rushing and potentially make mistakes. Remember, applying wallpaper is not a race, it's all about precision and patience.

Tips and Tricks for Smooth Wallpaper Application

Applying wallpaper can be a significant enhancement to the aesthetics of your home or office. However, the process can be a little tricky for beginners. Here, we discuss some tips and tricks to help you get the perfect wallpaper application, without bubbles or creases.

1. Gather your tools

You won't get far without the right tools at your disposal. A few essentials include a metal ruler, a wallpaper smoother, a utility knife, paste, and of course, your chosen wallpaper. Each of these tools has a part to play in ensuring a smooth, beautiful finish.

2. Right Measurement

Before beginning, ensure to measure the walls accurately. This will not only help you determine how much wallpaper to buy but also how to properly align the patterns.

3. Wallpaper preparation

Be sure to unroll and let your wallpaper sit flat for at least a few hours before you start. This will help it relax and be less springy when it comes time to hang.

4. Wall Preparation

A clean, smooth wall surface is essential for a successful wallpaper application. Consider filling in any holes or cracks and sanding the wall smooth before application.

5. Applying the Paste

When it's time to apply to the paste, spread it evenly across the back of the wallpaper, paying special attention to the edges. Be patient and allow the paste to set for the recommended time before pressing the paper against the wall.

6. Hanging Wallpaper

Align the wallpaper at an angle, it helps to prevent air bubbles from forming.

7. Smoothing Out Wallpaper

As you apply the wallpaper, use a wallpaper smoother to gently but firmly push out any air bubbles that may form.

8. Cut Excess Material

Once the wallpaper is applied, use a sharp utility knife to cut away any excess paper. This gives the wallpaper a clean, neat finish.

By following these tips, you're guaranteed an easier and more successful wallpapering experience. Happy decorating!

Handling Common Wallpaper Problems

Like with any home improvement project, hanging wallpaper can present a series of challenges. However, most common wallpaper problems can be easily handled. Here are some ways to tackle the most frequent issues.

Bubbles or Wrinkles

Bubbles or wrinkles often appear when wallpaper does not adhere properly to the wall. To fix this, use a utility knife to cut a small X in the bubble, then use a small paintbrush to apply adhesive to the cut area. Smooth the paper against the wall and wipe away any extra adhesive with a damp sponge.

Peeling Corners

Peeling corners are another common problem with wallpaper. To fix peeling corners, use a brush to apply a thin layer of seam adhesive to the back of the wallpaper, press it back into place, and clean away excess adhesive. If a large area is peeling, it may be necessary to reapply the wallpaper entirely.

Discoloration

Over time, wallpapers may become discolored due to exposure to sunlight, humidity, or dirt. If the wallpaper cannot be cleaned, it may have to be replaced. To prevent future discoloration, consider using wallpaper that is designed to resist fading.

Tears or Rips

If the wallpaper gets torn or ripped, try to repair it by applying a piece of wallpaper patch over the damaged area. Always match the pattern of the patch with the existing wallpaper for a seamless look.

Uneven Edges

When wallpaper is not hung correctly, uneven edges can become visible. To solve this, use a straight-edge tool and a utility knife to trim off any excess paper.

Wallpaper Doesn't Stick

In some cases, wallpapers may simply not adhere to certain surfaces. This can often be solved by applying a suitable primer to the wall before applying the wallpaper. If the problem persists, it may be necessary to switch to a stronger adhesive.

Misalignments

Sometimes, wallpapers may not line up correctly, causing a disjointed pattern. Should this occur, slowly peel the paper off and attempt to align the pattern when reapplying. If the paper does not re-stick, you may need to apply more adhesive.

Conclusion

Dealing with wallpaper problems can be frustrating, but with patience, a steady hand, and the right tips, most issues can be resolved quickly and easily.

Maintaining and Cleaning Your Wallpaper

One significant aspect of wallpaper that's easy to overlook is the maintenance and cleaning aspect. Providing proper care for your wallpaper will help extend its lifespan and maintain its aesthetic appeal. Here are some key tips and techniques to help you effectively take care of your wallpaper.

Regular Dusting

Just as with any other part of your home, wallpaper can accumulate dust over time. This is especially true if your wallpaper has a textured surface. Regularly dusting your wallpaper using a duster or a soft cloth can help keep it clean and free from dust and dirt. Avoid using abrasive materials as they may damage the wallpaper's surface.

Cleaning

Every once in a while, your wallpaper might need a deep clean, especially if it's placed in high-traffic areas. The cleaning method you should use depends on the type of wallpaper you have. Vinyl wallpapers, for instance, can be wiped down with a damp cloth or sponge. Conversely, non-washable wallpapers may get damaged by moisture, hence they should be cleaned using a dry method such as a wallpaper dough or a dry sponge.

Stain Removal

Stains are the enemy of wallpaper. They often prove difficult to erase and can potentially ruin your wallpaper's design. The trick is to act quickly. As soon as you notice a stain, try to remove it while it's still fresh. For vinyl and washable wallpapers, a mild detergent should suffice. However, always patch test a hidden area first to ensure the wallpaper's color won't fade.

Damage Assessment and Repair

Regular checks for peeling corners or edges can help detect damages early. Any loose parts should be fixed as soon as possible using wallpaper paste. If a part of the wallpaper gets damaged beyond repair, you might have to replace the entire panel. Make sure you keep some leftover wallpaper from your initial installation for such instances.

Professional Cleaning

In some cases, especially for high-end designer wallpapers, it is advisable to hire professional cleaners. They will have the necessary knowledge about the specific types of wallpapers and the best techniques to clean them without causing damage.

Remember, the prime goal is to ensure your wallpaper remains a vibrant and attractive feature of your home for as long as possible.